(Only in Bahasa Indonesia)
Ethical clearance is a procedure to ensure that the research process has fulfilled the principles of research ethics. In research involving people as subjects, which is the focus of this document, the main principles of research ethics, universally approved through the Belmont Report, include respect for the autonomy of the subject, protection of the subject from the risks of research, preservation of the subject’s welfare while they are participating in the research, and fairness. Throughout the implementation of the research process, the enforcement of ethical clearance is very important to ensure the consideration of the vulnerability of research subjects. This can include vulnerabilities related to a subject’s gender identity, sexuality, disability, ethnicity, or religious beliefs, all of which are factors that are considered by a GEDSI (gender equality, disability, and social inclusion) perspective.